बुद्धा का ब्राह्मणीकरण और ओशो रजनीश

 

संजय जोठे (Sanjay Jothe)

ओशो ने अपने अंतिम वर्षों में बहुत बचकाने ढंग से बुद्ध और कृष्णमूर्ति को अपमानित करते हुए खुद का महिमामंड किया है इसे कम से कम दलितों, बहुजनों, आदिवासियों और स्त्रीयों को ध्यान से समझना चाहिए.

buddha etc

बुद्ध का ब्राह्मणीकरण भारतीय बाबाओं योगियों गुरुओं का सबसे बड़ा और सबसे प्राचीन षड्यंत्र रहा है. इस संदर्भ में आधुनिक भारत में ओशो के द्वारा चलाये गये सबसे बड़े षड्यंत्र को गहराई से देखना समझना जरुरी है. एक सनातनी बुद्धि से संचालित ओशो का पूरा जीवनवृत्त बहुत विरोधाभासों और बहुत अस्पष्टताओं से भरा हुआ गुजरा है. कोई नहीं कह सकता कि उनकी मूल देशना क्या थी या उनके प्रवचनों में या उनके कर्तृत्व में उनका अपना क्या था. खुद उन्ही के अनुसार उन्होंने लाखों किताबों का अध्ययन किया था फिर भी वे "आंखन देखि" ही कहते थे. जो लोग थोड़ा पढ़ते लिखते हैं वे एकदम पकड सकते हैं कि न सिर्फ चुटकुले और दृष्टांत बल्कि दार्शनिक मान्यताएं और तार्किक वक्तव्य भी सीधे सीधे दूसरों की किताबों से निकालकर इस्तेमाल करते थे. लाखों किताबें पढने का इतना फायदा तो उन्हें लेना ही चाहिए. इसमें किसी को कोई समस्या भी नहीं होनी चाहिए.

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Caste discrimination in daily life: Is it a thing of the past?

 

Chanchal Kumar

chanchal kumarThis essay shows with examples that incidents of caste discrimination have only proliferated instead of stopping in any way in modern towns and even in the national capital Delhi. I have been personally affected by it in my adult life. The only people for whom caste does not exist is savarnas, who take it as a kind of joke and cannot fathom the deep hurt caste discrimination in daily life causes mulnivasis and bahujans. Here I will give instances from my life where I was made to feel physical, emotional and psychological violence and hatred meted out to my family and me because of caste.

As far back as I can remember, I was miles away from feeling any pride due to my caste and social identity. Instead it was often an inability to understand and articulate, a confusion, when it came to the issue. I couldn't understand why i would be looked down upon based on something that I had no control over. And this led to my being utterly defensive, and looking for ways to avoid any mention of my caste. I was a good student at school and my best friend was a 'singh'. I do not ever remember trying to find members from my own caste or community, neither do I think there were many mulnivasis in the Jesuit school that I went to. I specifically remember one friend who belonged to the adivasi community and we got along well, but that was it. I didn't see the need to associate with anyone just because of our caste identity.

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खालिस्तान की मांग, ब्राह्मणवाद और पंजाब आजकल

 

(गुरिंदर आज़ाद) Gurinder Azad

gurinder titan1987 में खालिस्तान की मांग उठी। एक अलग स्टेट, सिख स्वायत्तता के साथ।

पंजाब में उस वक़्त की सामाजिक राजनितिक हलचलें आप ज़्यादातर लोग जानते हैं तो थोड़ा संक्षेप में बात रखता हूँ।

1978 की 'खूनी' बैसाखी जिसमे स्टेट स्पॉन्सर्ड 'हिंदूवादी' निरंकारियों के हाथों 13 सिख मारे गए और 1984 में घटी दो घटनाएं - गोल्डन टेम्पल पर सरकारी हमला (ऑपरेशन ब्लू स्टार) और दिल्ली में इंदिरा गाँधी के क़त्ल के बाद सिखों की नस्लकुशी, यह तीनों वाक्य नासूर बन चुके ज़ख्मों के साथ सिखों को देख रहे थे। जतन हुए मगर किसी भी केस में सिखों को न्याय नहीं मिला। अतीत में ही, सिखों के एक हिस्से को ब्राह्मणवाद की कमीनगी का अंदाज़ा हो गया था। वे जान गए ये ऐसा वायरस है जो सामने वाले को ख़त्म करके सीधा टेकओवर करता है। यह ख़ास हिस्सा इस वायरस के लचीलेपन से भी वाकिफ था। वह इससे मुकम्मल छुटकारा चाहते थे। वैसे भी, उनके पास एक तरीके से स्वयं के सिख राज्य एवं सियासत का मॉडल था ही जो बन्दा सिंह बहादुर और महाराजा रणजीत सिंह के सिख राज से वाबस्ता था।

इस मांग से स्टेट बहुत नाराज़ हो गई।

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Media Mercenaries: Hindutva Trolls and Moderation Mafias

 

Dr Praveen

dr praveen"When reason fails, the devil helps" wrote Dostoevsky.

Whenever all the reasons to justify foolish policies fail, when reason exposes the fascistic and fanatic ideology of the Hindutva and insurmountable opposition builds, the BJP/RSS rely upon their devils in social media as trolls, goons and moderation mafias. To thwart any voice that is sane, to oppose and nullify them by means which are base and mean.

These troll goons are either employed by the BJP/RSS or volunteers, and they are prevalent in all platforms of social media. They are not just random users, they operate systematically in groups to harass and jibe the persons expressing the dissent against the Modi government or the Hindutva ideology. The targets of trolls are politicians, journalists, celebrities, social activities, anyone who express their opinions and expose the fallacies of Modi Government.

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Exiling Intellectuals: From HCU to JNU


N Sukumar & Shailaja Menon

In 1962, Paulo Freire created culture circles in Northeastern Brazil to support 300 sugarcane workers to teach each other how to read the word and their world in 45 days, which enabled them to register to vote. These Culture Circles that began with Sugar Cane workers, catalyzed thousands more. Each with the purpose of not just literacy, but conscientization, or which involves people joining with their peers to name their world by reflecting on their conditions, imagining a better world, and then taking action to create it. This approach, developed as much by Freire as the workers he educated, was so galvanizing that he was jailed and exiled by the Military Government within two years. (http://www.practicingfreedom.org/pedagogy-of-the-oppressed-what-is-it-and-why-its-still-relevant/, accessed 11/1/2017 9.45 am)

rohith vemula 2

Emancipatory ideologies across the world have emphasized education as a key strategy for radical social transformations. Closer home, visionaries like Jotiba and Savitribai Phule, Gandhi, Ambedkar, Periyar to name a few accentuated education to generate a truly liberated society. The varied discourses on liberty, freedom, equality and justice provided the bedrock to construct a pluralistic India. The institutionalization of education in modern India emerged during colonial rule to serve the colonial administration. The benefit accrued to a privileged few as access to education was contoured around caste and gender norms. Post- independence, the scenario was sought to be changed through constitutionally mandated affirmative action (Reservations) to enable the underprivileged groups to access education.

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How egalitarian is EPW?

 

Dilip Mandal

dilip mandal india today 1"You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view. Until you climb into his skin and walk around in it." – Barack Hussain Obama, quoting Atticus Finch, in his farewell speech on 10th January, 2017.1

It all started with a paper in EPW. Professor Vivek Kumar, who teaches sociology in JNU, asked some pertinent questions regarding the structure and processes of Indian sociology and posed a question – How egalitarian is Indian Sociology2? The questions he asked were related to the upper caste domination in the production of knowledge in the domain of Indian sociology. He used four different parameters and with empirical data he tried to prove his point. How successful he was in his endeavour is altogether another debate and is not within the scope of this article.

It's not that such issues were not raised before. Standpoint theory is all about asking such questions. We have a series of scholars in the west, prominent among them Dorothy E. Smith3, doing the same. In India, Carol Upadhya asked question on the sociological practice of Ghurye and termed it as Hindu Nationalist4. It is strange that Upadhya criticising Ghurye's sociology as "Hindu/Brahminical" is normal academic exercise for the scholars of sociology, whereas Kumar's criticism of caste hegemony of Indian Sociology becomes deterministic, biased and prejudiced.

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Brand Modi: The Sense of an Ending?

 

Shafiullah Anis

shafiullah anisDouglas Holt, former Professor of Marketing, Harvard Business School, says cultural brands are "built according to principles entirely different from those of conventional marketing. Cultural brands win competitive battles not because they deliver distinctive benefits, trustworthy service, or innovative technologies (though they may provide all of these). Rather, they succeed because they forge a deep connection with the culture. In essence, they compete for culture share."

Cultural branding is branding of symbolism and powerful myths. There are rituals involved in consumption of such brands that make them truly iconic. When individuals achieve the iconic status, such as Ronald Reagan, Marilyn Monroe and Princess Diana, people feel compelled to make these icons part of their lives because, through icons, they're able to experience powerful myths continually. Cultural brands can be rebellious, creative or libertine, depending upon the socio-political environment and society's prevailing ideologies and institutions.

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Caste of a Mirror: Caste in Hindi Cinema

 

Manish Gautam

Manish GautamAs the old adage goes, cinema is the mirror of society, but one can delve much deeper into this question: does cinema merely reflect what is visible (or not visible) in society or does it extend far and wide and deeper into that parallel world consisting of the people who are writing scripts and plots, penning songs, conjuring dialogues between the actors, giving the words a visual, and the visuals, words? The people who are creating this cinema are not from some Martian civilisation who are just observers of earthlings, but actually do come from and are tightly tied up with the society that they are showing on the silver screen. Therefore, there is a fair chance that as the outer society (the audience) has hierarchies, divisions, biases and prejudices, the people of the mirror-world, i.e. Cinema, have the same biases, prejudices and hierarchies that they hold dear to their existence and want to perpetuate further owing to their allegiance to the social group they are born into. Bollywood is such an example of this mirror-world: the society that it consists of is prominently upper caste and it perpetuates casteism in myriad ways, within their own world and through projecting outward to society, the consumers of this cinema.

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Cast(e) in Paris: Some Anecdotes and Observations

 

Pranav Kuttaiah

PranavKuttaiah"[Caste] is a local problem, but one capable of much wider mischief, for as long as caste in India does exist, Hindus will hardly intermarry or have any social intercourse with outsiders; and if Hindus migrate to other regions on earth, Indian caste would become a world problem."1 ~Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

"Since when do Indians eat meat?" asked a Mexican student slightly incredulously, eyeing the excessive amount of beef I had helped myself to at the University cafeteria. It came as a slight surprise to me – my own family seldom had a meal that didn't include pork or beef at the table. "Aren't most Indians vegetarians?" she continued.
I could've instinctively thrown the statistics I've been hardwired to remember to correct the casteist presumptions one faces in debating most Indians who speak English: Only about 31% of Indians are vegetarians, a figure that falls to 21% for families with all vegetarian members. Most southern states have a sub-10% number of vegetarians, and perhaps more notably the number of vegetarians is 55% among Brahmins and only about 12% among Adivasis.

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Jai Bhim in JNU: Freedom or Social Justice?

 

Vruttant Manwatkar

"Your salvation must lie in your own hands, through your own efforts".
~ Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

'Bole India – Jai Bhim'- This is the title of a low budget Marathi movie which is under production by Shree Gayatri Films. The movie is one of the first ones made in the memory of the originator of the slogan 'Jai Bhim'- Babu Hardas L.N. What began as a greeting among the untouchable Mahar community in a small town, Kamptee, in Nagpur District of Maharashtra, 'Jai Bhim' has now become a wide-spread usage throughout India. The Bahujan class across India has started adopting it as a new greeting replacing the established Hindu cultural greetings like 'Namaskar' and 'Ram-Ram'. Along with the persistent labour of Social Organizations like BAMCEF, AIMBSCS etc., and by the efforts of the aware and class conscious Bahujan individuals, 'Jai Bhim', today has taken the form of an emerging Cultural and Political Movement for the establishment of Democracy. Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), has not been untouched by this movement. jai bhim babu hardas

In JNU too, one can witness students exchanging the greetings of 'Jai Bhim', amongst those mostly belonging to the Bahujan Class. Moreover, the slogan of 'Jai Bhim' has exceptionally marked its presence as a war cry of assertion by the Bahujan students of the University, who struggle to reclaim their due rights and resources.

Babu Hardas L.N was born on 6th January 1904 in Kamptee. Along with the introduction of the powerful slogan/greeting 'Jai Bhim', the credit of organising the first public celebration of Ambedkar Jayanti also goes to Babu Hardas L.N. It was under his leadership that the first celebration of Ambedkar Jayanti took place on 14th April, 1933 at Nagpur. The celebration of Ambedkar Jayanti nowadays has developed its own unique ethics which propagates the Ambedkarite-Buddhist ideas of Education, Organisation and Agitation. These celebrations also see 18-hour study programmes, book and stationary distribution, distribution of prizes to students etc., at different venues, including the Dikshabhoomi. Along with opening of libraries, lectures and other cultural programmes. All these events inspire the youngsters and adults alike to educate and empower themselves. Babu Hardas L.N. started the weekly called "Maharattha" meaning "the power of Mahars" in 1921 when he was 18 years of age in order to spread social awareness, especially about education. Babu also spearheaded the movement of the Beedi labourers of Kamptee which was successful in clinching several of their basic demands. One of the most significant contributions of Babu Hardas L.N. in the Ambedkarite movement was during the time of Babasaheb's participation in the Second Round Table Conference, in September 1931, when he mobilised people from all over the country, and mainly from Maharashtra, to confirm at the London Conference that Dr. Ambedkar was the only representative of the Depressed Classes in India. One remarkable fact was that there were 32 telegrams sent from Kamptee, to London, for this purpose. Dedicating his whole life to the cause of the upliftment of the depressed classes and remaining an ardent supporter of Dr. Ambedkar, Babu Hardas L.N died a sudden death at the age of 35 on 12th January 1939.

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The Manufacturing of Artificial Guilt and the Need to Reject It

 

Suresh RV

suresh rv[This article is written to clear the confusion in the minds of the young dalit-bahujan students and job aspirants, whether we should avail reservations or not? Or whether we truly deserve reservations or not? Because, I too have had this confusion, guilt and insecurity at one point of time in my life. So, I am sharing my thoughts in an attempt to dispel this confusion that persists in the minds of many young dalit-bahujan, and why we should not be burdened with this unnecessary confusion and guilt. I wrote this earlier as a FB Post, and now I have modified and added a few more points to the original post to be published as an article in RTI in order to reach a wider audience.]

What this caste society does is that it creates a sense of guilt in the minds of the young dalit bahujan students (SC, ST & OBC) that they are doing some heinous crime by availing reservations. That they do not need to use reservations because they are financially stable and so should leave the post as is so that the 'real' dalit bahujans who 'really' deserve it can use it.

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Social Justice and Student Activism Within the Brahmanical Educational System

 

Anoop Kumar

anoopI believe every educational institution in this country, especially the so called 'national' ones have been deliberately designed in a way to exclude the majority of Indians and to term them as 'non meritorious' at the expense of a very small upper caste English speaking elite.

 It is a conspiracy. It is not accident. It has been a well thought out, well executed chicanery for the benefit of very few... JNU, TISS, EFLU and all other central institutions are just fraud perpetrated on the rest.

 Students and Social Justice Activism

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पेरियार से हम क्या सीखें?

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  संजय जोठे  इस देश में भेदभाव और शोषण से भरी परम्पराओं का विरोध करने वाले अनेक विचारक और क्रांतिकारी हुए हैं जिनके बारे में हमें बार-बार पढ़ना और समझना चाहिए. दुर्भाग्य से इस देश के शोषक वर्गों के षड्यंत्र के कारण इन क्रांतिकारियों का जीवन परिचय और समग्र कर्तृत्व छुपाकर रखा जाता है. हमारी अनेकों पीढियां इसी षड्यंत्र में जीती आयीं हैं. किसी देश के उद्भट विचारकों और क्रान्तिकारियों को इस...

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कृष्ण: भारतीय मर्द का एक आम चेहरा...!

कृष्ण: भारतीय मर्द का एक आम चेहरा...!

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राष्ट्रवाद और देशभक्ति

राष्ट्रवाद और देशभक्ति

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