On 26th January 1950, India became a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic. On that day, the Constitution of India was enacted, adopted and given to the Indian people i.e., "we the people of India". The birth of the Republic on the twenty sixth of January 1950 was a moment of equal, if not greater, importance than the independence of India from the British Raj. The Constitution ushered in many firsts: for the first time, untouchability became illegal, for the first time, all Indians could exercise the right to vote.
The Constitution makes special provision for the upliftment of the deprived sections of the society like SC/STs, women, children and minorities. The Constitution empowers every citizen to contest elections and gives the right to vote irrespective of anything, which makes every individual directly or indirectly a part of the democratic process. No matter which sovereign power ruled India, the question of a dignified life for women and untouchables never echoed in the chambers of power. It was a historical and proud movement for every citizen when Indian adopted its own Constitution. When everyone was celebrating this moment, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar the chairman of drafting committee warned the nation about how long this constitution will survive, in the Constituent Assembly:
"On the 26th of January 1950, we are going to enter into a life of contradictions. In politics we will have equality and in social and economic life we will have inequality. In Politics we will be recognizing the principle of one man one vote and one vote one value. In our social and economic life, we shall, by reason of our social and economic structure, continue to deny the principle of one man one value. How long shall we continue to live this life of contradictions? How long shall we continue to deny equality in our social and economic life? If we continue to deny it for long, we will do so only by putting our political democracy in peril. We must remove this contradiction at the earliest possible moment or else those who suffer from inequality will blow up the structure of political democracy which this Assembly has so laboriously built up"i.