Dr B. R. Ambedkar: More than the Architect of the Indian Constitution


Naveed Ahmad Lone

naveed ahmad loneIntroduction

Some are born great; some have greatness thrust upon them, and some achieve greatness. Dr Ambedkar best fits in the third category. Dr Baba Saheb Bhimrao Ambedkar is among the most outstanding intellectuals of India in the twentieth century. The work in economics by his good self is noteworthy. Dr Ambedkar has often been portrayed as a leader of the 'Dalit' community and nothing else. An obscure reference is made to him in school textbooks as the architect of the Indian constitution. Very few would know that Ambedkar was among the first set of Indians who were trained in Economics and practised it professionally.

 This was further proved by a recently conducted survey by 'History TV 18 and CNN-IBN' in June 2012. 'Who is the greatest Indian after Gandhiji?" was the question asked from the people of India. The contestants included the First Prime Minister Jawahar Lal Nehru, Singer Lata Mangeshkar, Industrialist J.R.D. Tata, A.P.J.Abul Kalam Azad, Indira Gandhi and Vallabhai Patel. The final cumulative ranking was conducted following the three ways poll; ranking by jury (online and on the ground), ranking by popular votes and ranking by market research. Finally, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was declared as the winner. Historian Ramachandra Guha stated on the declaration of results: "Dr Ambedkar's legacy has been distorted to suit particular interests. He was a great scholar, institution builder, and economic theorist". Professor A.K. Sen also said,"Ambedkar is my father in Economics. He is a truly celebrated champion of the underprivileged. He deserves more than what he has achieved today. His contribution in the field of economics is marvellous and will be remembered forever." (Ambirajan, 1999)


Caste is not a Rumour - book review


 Pranav Kuttaiah

caste is not a rumour

Caste is not a Rumour: The Online Diary of Rohith Vemula (Ed. Nikhila Henry, Juggernaut Books, 2016) 

In a speech delivered at Nalgonda in Telangana not so long ago, noted intellectual K.Y. Ratnam said that what Rohith Vemula wrote was not a suicide note, but an introduction to Dr. Ambedkar's classic 'Annihilation of Caste'. Vemula's note was indeed a remarkable piece of literature – displaying eloquence, vision and clarity of thought far beyond his years. But what was truly striking about it was the brevity for such a power-packed document – in a world where most academics and writers feel like they're taking pages and pages to make a point, his every line; every sentence was packed with the punch of precise thinking and lived experience. It was this format that Rohith had perfected – the art of a paragraph-length rumination that was worth more than many unreadable academic works. "Caste is Not a Rumour: The Online Diary of Rohith Vemula" (ed. Nikhila Henry, Juggernaut Books, 2016), a compilation of Rohith Vemula's writings on Facebook, is a unique addition to the ongoing discussion surrounding caste in Indian campuses. The book provides snippets into the thinking of a radical young mind in the form of succinct and hard-hitting status updates, bringing a whole spectrum of Indian and global political issues into the context of student politics at the Hyderabad Central University (HCU).


Youth for Self and Social Change (YSSC): A Journey


Payal Rama

payalNagpur is the winter capital and the third largest city in the state of Maharashtra. It is also one of the prominent cities in Central India. Before the formation of the state of Maharashtra, Nagpur was part of the state of Madhya Pradesh. Under the British rule, it was one of the important precincts of 'Central and Berar' province. In 1956 and there on, Nagpur has gained prominence because of the mass 'Buddhist Conversion' of about half a million ex-untouchables, led by their brilliant and extraordinary leader and emancipator, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar. In addition, the city is also infamously known for it being the headquarters of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), the Hindu Nationalist organisation. However, historically its existence as the city was mainly marked by the 'Buddhist Conversion' and a vibrant Dalit-Buddhist Movement. The city of Nagpur not only stands for the struggle of Dalits and Buddhists as oppressed striving hard for education but also for their quest to gain a dignified life. There are innumerable stories in this city of Buddhists, their expedition for education after conversion to Buddhism, which lies folded in the pages of untold stories.

Here are the stories of some of the students, who tried to challenge the existing situation of education in the city. It is the story of a study circle group Youth for Self and Social Change (YSSC), which aims at promoting higher education among Dalits as Ambedkar envisioned throughout his life. Today, the members of YSSC are in different positions in higher education spaces. It began with a small idea to start a program that gives a platform to develop their personality by doing regular activities in the library, viharas, and homes. The activities there comprised of English comprehension, practiced by reading Ambedkar and other Dalit social reformers; group discussions on current as well as other social topics to further add to the awareness and public speaking sessions meant to enhance communication skills in front of large masses.


Interview with Kiruba Munusamy, Supreme Court Lawyer


Round Table India

kiruba munusamy

In the latest episode of the Ambedkar Age series, we talk to Kiruba Munusamy, Judicial Activist and Lawyer practising in the Supreme Court of India.

In the Ambedkar Age series of videos, Round Table India aims to produce documentaries, interviews, talks on contemporary issues and debates from a Dalit Bahujan perspective.


Yes, I am an Anti-National


Gurram Seetaramulu

Nationalism is a hymn which is being chanted often by the modern societies. Especially in India, after the demolition of Babri Masjid such a notion has gained currency. At the same time, some groups have been trying to monopolise nationalism. In such a situation, nationalism has turned into an abstract thought called 'Syndicate Nationalism' which is making a mockery of the democracy we live in. Many countries laid the foundation for peoples' mass struggles in the spirit of the nationalist movement during the anti-imperialist struggle. The nationalism being taught by the saffron groups in the country has its roots in the ideas propagated by Hitler. It is a destructive idea. Modi became the Prime Minister of the country at a juncture when we are still seeing the effects of saffronisation of education and culture taken up by the earlier NDA Govt. If anyone has an alternative and a different idea to the dominant idea of 'development', they are being termed as anti-national. The opposition to the State and the Govt. is being equated with opposition to the country and the nation. The aim of this paper is to unravel the conspiracy in trying to fit independent thinking higher educational institutions such as JNU, EFLU, HCU and OU who have been raising important questions and alternative discourses in the last four decades about questions of identity and existence, into the frame of anti-nationalism.

hung flag

At a time when the histories of the communities that are built on the ancient ruins are being tampered with to create new histories, the debate on nationalism attains special importance. Some social scientists argue that 'nationalism' is an idea borrowed from the 19th Century Europe when the consciousness which led to peoples movements and mass struggles culminated in the idea of a nation-state. Nationalism can be definied as an imaginary feeling common to a group of people who share the same kinds of habits, hopes and aspirations. Many a times during emotionally turbulent moments in history, the idea of a nation-state, its identity and existence kept on changing forms. This philosophical debate, to which Ambedkar, Phule, Anderson and Partha Chatterjee,  contributed through their ideas, is being sharpened everyday with the changing demographics of the social and political movements taking place across the world. Scholars and philosophers like Aloysius even went to the extent of arguing that the nationalism in this country is plain hollow and that many races which don't have anything in common are being brought into a single nation whose philosophical foundation is the idea of Brahminical Hinduism.


ಟಿಪ್ಪು ಮೇಲಿನ ಆರೋಪ ಮತ್ತು ರಾಜಕೀಯ ಅಜೆಂಡಾ


ಹಾರೋಹಳ್ಳಿ ರವೀಂದ್ರ (Harohalli Ravindra)

tipu sultanಈ ದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ಮುಸ್ಲಿಂ ಆಳ್ವಿಕೆ ಪ್ರಾರಂಭಗೊಂಡ ದಿನದಿಂದ ಇಲ್ಲಿಯ ತನಕವೂ ಆ ಸಮುದಾಯದ ಮೇಲೆ ಒಂದಿಲ್ಲೊಂದು ಆರೋಪ ಕೇಳಿ ಬರುತ್ತಲೇ ಇದೆ. ಮಹಮ್ಮದ್ ಘಸ್ನಿಯ ದಂಡಯಾತ್ರೆಯ ನಂತರ ದೆಹಲಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸುಲ್ತಾನರ ಆಳ್ವಿಕೆ ಪ್ರಾರಂಭವಾಯಿತು. ಅನಂತರ ಬಾಬಾರ್ ಲಗ್ಗೆ ಇಟ್ಟು ಮೊಘಲರ ಆಳ್ವಿಕೆ ಪ್ರಾರಂಭವಾಯಿತು. ನಿಜಾಮರು, ಬಹುಮನಿ ಸುಲ್ತಾನರು, ಕುತುಬ್ ಷಾಯಿಗಳು ಹಾಗೂ ಮೈಸೂರಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಟಿಪ್ಪು ಸುಲ್ತಾನ್, ಹೀಗೆ ಸಾಕಷ್ಟು ಈ ನೆಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಆಳ್ವಿಕೆ ಮಾಡಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಅದರಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆಲವರ ಆಳ್ವಿಕೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸಮಸ್ಯೆಗಳಿರಬಹುದು. ಮತಾಂತರ ಮಾಡಿರಬಹುದು. ಆ ಕಾರಣಕ್ಕೆ ಮುಸಲ್ಮಾನರೆಲ್ಲಾ ದಾಳಿಕೋರರು, ಆಕ್ರಮಣಕಾರಿಗಳು, ಮತಾಂತರಿಗಳು ಎನ್ನುವುದು ತಪ್ಪು. ಶಂಕರಾಚಾರ್ಯ ತನ್ನ ಅವಧಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಬೌದ್ಧ ಭಿಕ್ಕುಗಳ ತಲೆ ಕಡಿಯಲು ಆದೇಶ ಮಾಡಲಿಲ್ಲವೇ? ಅಷ್ಟೆ ಏಕೆ? ಈ ದೇಶದ ಮೂಲನಿವಾಸಿಗಳನ್ನು ಮನುಧರ್ಮ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರ ಬರೆಯುವ ಮೂಲಕ ಹಿಂದೂಧರ್ಮದ ಚಾತುರ್ವರ್ಣಕ್ಕೆ ಮತಾಂತರಿಸಿಕೊಳ್ಳಲಿಲ್ಲವೇ? ಆದರೆ ಅವೆಲ್ಲವನ್ನೂ ಹೊರತುಪಡಿಸಿ ಮುಸ್ಲಿಂ ಸಮುದಾಯವನ್ನು ಮತಾಂತರದ ಧರ್ಮ ಎಂದು ಏಕೆ ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ? ಮುಸ್ಲಿಂ ರಾಜಾಳ್ವಿಕೆಯನ್ನು ಹಿಂದೂ ಸಂಘಪರಿವಾರ ಯಾಕೆ ಒಪ್ಪುವುದಿಲ್ಲ? ಮೈಸೂರು ರಾಜ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಆಳ್ವಿಕೆ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದ ಟಿಪ್ಪು ಸುಲ್ತಾನ್ ಅಂತಹ ದೇಶಭಕ್ತ ರಾಜನನ್ನೇಕೆ ದೇಶದ್ರೋಹಿ ಹಣೆಪಟ್ಟಿ ಕಟ್ಟಲಾಗುತ್ತಿದೆ? ಎಂಬ ಅಂಶಗಳನ್ನು ನಾವು ತಿಳಿದುಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕಾಗಿದೆ. ಆ ಮೂಲಕ ನೈಜ ಚರಿತ್ರೆಯನ್ನು ಜನರಿಗೆ ತಿಳಿಸುವ ಅಗತ್ಯವೂ ಕೂಡ ಇದೆ.


When the Eye of Justice Is Jaundiced


Gauri Lankesh

gauri lankeshKarnataka High Court Chief Justice Subhro Kamal Mukherjee is a man who proudly wears his belief on his forehead. While that might be his personal choice, what is problematic is that he expresses his religious affinity with as much pride without bothering about his esteemed position as a dispenser of justice according to a secular constitution.

In July this year, Mr. Mukherjee visited Udupi on the invite of Pejavara Swamy who is one of the founding members of the Vishwa Hindu Parishat. That day Mr. Mukherjee did all the things that a Brahmin devotee of the Krishna Temple does: took off his shirt before visiting the temple, with the rudhrakshi mala dangling around his neck he peeped piously through the Kanakana Kindi at the idol inside, did namaskara to Krishna with precious gems adorning eight of his ten fingers.

Later that day, after receiving an award titled 'Shri Rama Krishna Vittala Anugraha Prashasti' from Pejavara swamy, Mr. Mukherjee said ''we are proud to say we are all Hindus. But our points of view are not the same. Since all of us desire 'Moksha' why should there be infighting amongst us? Though majority of us are Hindus, it has not been possible for us to build a temple and install the idol of Rama inside it. That is why I pray that all Hindu saints should come together to build the Rama temple at Ayodhya. All Hindu saints should come together to protect Hindu dharma.'' Had the likes of Yogi Adithyanath, Sakshi Maharaj, Sadhvi Prachi or even Praveen Togadia uttered such words no one would have been surprised. But the fact that the Chief Justice of Karnataka should utter such words shocked many. Unfortunately, this incident was reported only in a couple of Kannada dailies and that too in local editions.


When Rohith Vemula Meets Jignesh Mevani: Towards a Radical Democratic Imaginary


K K Baburaj

'Live dangerously', told Nietzsche, one of the great counter-thinkers in the history of modern philosophy. KK Kochu, a well known Dalit writer and political activist from Kerala, in his collection of articles titled 'Revolution and Culture' published in the eighties, attempted to rewrite the slogan of Nietzsche as 'act dangerously'. Such rewritings and reconstructions were not the only activities that happened during that period. It has witnessed various movements of Adivasis, Dalits and backward communities and women, farmers of small land holdings, unorganized labourers; who came forward and fought to claim their identities. This can be considered as a part of an advancement of the formation of a new political community in India by bringing the marginalised people together.

jignesh mevani

These facts points to an important incident in the history of the nation, a phenomenon of historical cessation, a detachment from the existing praxis and thoughts to propel a new political advancement. The subaltern intellectuals like WEB Dubois, B R Ambedkar, Sreenarayana Guru, Iyothi Das, James Baldwin, and Alice Walker worked and thought only for their own communities is a distorted reading of their legacy. Along with their thoughts on reformation of their communities, they also brought a new discourse of modernity and civilization to the world and people . It was this double responsibility that makes their struggles and contributions remarkable and it made them detached from what we call the 'common'. "I am not part of the whole, I am a part apart" was what Ambedkar described about himself to the leaders of national movement, in disagreement with the so called common propositions.


The Circle That Is Losing Its Centre : Ambedkarite Poetry of Our Time


Yogesh Maitreya

suni book coverDalit poetry in Maharashtra has been recently going through a transition. However, there are only a few poets who have managed to catch this transition in their poems. Some of them turned inward and explored the subject matter of their personal conflicts with the world. Others have managed to make the dialectical combination of their self/subjectivity and the objects which were imposed upon them by the outer world. Sunil Abhiman Awachar is one of the poets in Maharashtra who has been carrying the legacy of Dalit/Ambedkarite poetry to the new level of expression in which global objectivity and local subjectivity are found to transform themselves into a newer poetic expression. He has recently published his poetry anthology; Kendra Harawat Chalalelya Vartulacha Parigh (roughly translates as 'The Circle that is losing its Centre').


Tribute to Tipu Mahathma


Prof B.P Mahesh Guru

TipuSultanByMauzaisseHaider Ali and Tipu Sultan were indeed the great rulers of Southern India. They performed their best efforts for the expansion, consolidation and development of the state of Mysore. Haider Ali played a pivotal role in the expansion of the Mysore State while Tipu Sultan thoroughly modernized the state. Haider Ali was a great warrior, while Tipu Sultan was a great visionary. They vehemently fought against the British imperialism and upheld the sovereignty of Mysore State. In the history of India, Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan remain as towering personalities who cherished self-rule, self-esteem and self-progress.

Tipu was born on November 20, 1750 at Devanahalli, North-West of Kolar in Karnataka State. Haider Ali married Fatima Begum, also called Fakhr-un-Nissa, the daughter of Mir Muin-ud-din Khan, the Governor of the Fort of Cuddapah on the insistence of his first wife. Haider Ali offered prayers at the dargah of the famous saint Tipu Mastan Aulia of Arcot along with his wife and prayed His Almighty for a smooth delivery by his second wife. Hence, Haider Ali named his son Tipu after the great saint. The word Sultan was added only after he assumed power in the State of Mysore. Haider Ali rose to greater heights after the birth of Tipu, becoming the Governor of Dindigul.


विदेशों में बुद्ध और कबीर क्यों, राम और तुलसी क्यों नहीं?


संजय जोठे (Sanjay Jothe) 

सनातनी षड्यंत्रकार जब अध्यात्म और धर्म की व्याख्या करते हैं तब वे चर्चा और प्रचार के लिए अपने पवित्र पुरुषों को नहीं चुनते। वे उन्हें तहखानों में सुरक्षित रखते हैं। धर्म प्रचार शास्त्रार्थ आदि के लिए वे आदि शंकर या तुलसीदास को नहीं चुनते बल्कि वे बुद्ध, गोरख, रविदास और कबीर को चुनते हैं। मैं यहां आदि शंकर या तुलसी का अपमान नहीं कर रहा हूँ, जिन लोगों को उनकी शिक्षा और उनका अनुशासन अच्छा लगता है वे बेशक उसमे प्रसन्न रहें। उन्हें शुभकामनायें।


लेकिन मजा ये है कि आधुनिक विज्ञान, विज्ञानवाद, आधुनिकता और पश्चिमी सभ्यता के सामने स्वयं को पिछड़ा और अन्धविश्वासी अनुभव करते हुए और उनका सामना करते हुए ये भारतीय पंडित और बाबा लोग शंकर या तुलसी को सामने नहीं करेंगे, वे बुद्ध और कबीर को सामने करेंगे, उनपर अपना दावा करेंगे। वही बुद्ध और कबीर - जिन्हें इन महानुभावों ने खुद ही मिटा डालना चाहा था अपनी जमीन पर।


Dr. B. R. Ambedkar: His Economic Philosophy and State Socialism


Adv. Mahendra Jadhav


adv mahendra jadhav1Dr. B. R. Ambedkar is undisputedly one of the greatest economists of all time. But unfortunately, his economic thoughts have not been read, followed or propagated. Today in the epoch of Privatization, Globalization and Liberalization, it has become important to understand the economic thoughts of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, who is considered the father of 'State Socialism'. He was of the opinion that the State should control all the resources of the nation, such as land, agriculture and industries through constitutional methods and work towards the overall development of the citizens. He robustly believed that the State can be instrumental in developing the common man's life, if all the resources mentioned above are in its hands. This paper shall covenant with understanding his thoughts on State Socialism and constitutional provisions, which reflect Dr. Ambedkar's idea of social, economic and political development of people.

Key Words: State Socialism, Fundamental Rights, Land Reforms,Insurance, Agriculture, Industries


India attained freedom on 15th August 1947 from the British, after more than 150 years of struggle and countless sacrifices by freedom fighters, and gained the status of a sovereign state. We adopted the Constitution on November 26th, 1949 which later came into force on January 26th, 1950. The Constitution of India is unquestionably the greatest constitution of the world and the same has been acknowledged by all nations. The biggest surprise to the world was that the greatest parliamentary democracy was given to those people who were enslaved for thousands of years in the name of caste, class, religion, race and gender - they were not even considered as humans and had not been treated as equal by the so-called upper castes since ages. Most of the people were illiterate. Despite thousands of castes, many religions, traditions, and linguistic differences in India, Dr. B. R. Ambedkar dared to give India a parliamentary form of government. The inception of the Indian Constitution in 1950 was a significant event, not only in the political history of India but also in the history of social justice and human rights.


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  संजय जोठे  इस देश में भेदभाव और शोषण से भरी परम्पराओं का विरोध करने वाले अनेक विचारक और क्रांतिकारी हुए हैं जिनके बारे में हमें बार-बार पढ़ना और समझना चाहिए. दुर्भाग्य से इस देश के शोषक वर्गों के षड्यंत्र के कारण इन क्रांतिकारियों का जीवन परिचय और समग्र कर्तृत्व छुपाकर रखा जाता है. हमारी अनेकों पीढियां इसी षड्यंत्र में जीती आयीं हैं. किसी देश के उद्भट विचारकों और क्रान्तिकारियों को इस...

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