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Growth without Inclusion- At Whose Cost?

Union Budget 2012-13

Response from Dalits and Tribals

Dalit Arthik Adhikar Andolan/NCDHR*

The Total Plan Expenditure of Union Budget 2012-13 BE is Rs.3,99,011 cr. For Special Component Plan (SCP) and Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) Rs. 37113.03 cr. and Rs.21710.11 cr has been allocated which is altogether 9.3% (SCP) and 5.4% (TSP) as compared to the legitimate allocation of 16.2% for SCP and 8.2% for TSP. For STs there is decrease of 0.1%. There is gap of Rs. 38,535.54 cr. for both communities.

As per the guidelines, each Ministry has to allocate fund under SCP/TSP but it is unfortunate that only 25 departments have allocated for SCs and 28 for STs. While all other departments like Energy, Coal, Industries 70-75 departments have not allocated any funds. Quality of allocation is less in the growth sectors and more in the survival areas.

If we calculate spending on SCs & STs in the Total Budget (Plan+Non-Plan) of Rs.14,90,925.29 cr, the share of both communities come to only 3.9%.

Amount in Rs. Cr.

budget-ncdhr_1_copy_copy

*Source: Union Budget 2012-13 ,Expenditure Vol.I and II

There is a slowdown in the growth rate of India from 8.4% to 6.9%, which is the lowest in 7 years. It is remarkable that it has not slide down further despite the continuing crisis in Europe and the petroleum hikes. However the Human Development Index for India has worsened, it has now gone down from 119 in 2010 to 134 in 2011. What happened to the claim that this growth will lift up the overall condition of common man or this is an inclusive growth? How does a strong economy having GDP of Rs. 89,12,178 Cr in 2011-12 reflect a poor HDI of India. It indicates that this growth and opportunity is not reaching to the people. There is not only an insufficient fund allocation but also the allocations are not resulting in quality expenditure.

As per the just released Economic Survey of India (2011-12):

• Growth in Agriculture sector has slipped down from 7% in 2010-11 to 2.5% 2011-12. Manufacturing sector has also seen slower growth from 7.6% down to 3.9%.

• The share of Expenditure on Social Services to GDP has gone down from 7.34% to 6.74% in the same period.

• There is also a decline in education and health expenditures from to 3.25% to 3.11% and 1.35% to 1.30% respectively. Our government in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals has committed to an expenditure of 9% but we are spending only 4.4% which is very alarming. If we look at conditions of marginalized communities like SCs, STs the picture gets more gory. The expenditure on Welfare of SCs, STs and OBCs has reduced to from 0.67% to 0.57% as per the Economic Survey of India 2011-12.

Denial of SCP in the XI th Five Year Plan (2007-2012)

In last Five Year Plan (2007-12) the expenditure on Scheduled Caste hovered around 8% for 5 years. Total amount of Rs.96236.7 cr. was not allocated. Total Plan budget for last Five Year Plan period was Rs.1187085 cr from that only 8.1% money was disbursed for programmes under SCP

budget-ncdhr_2_copy

Source: Union Budget, Expenditure Vol.I and II (2007-08-2011-12) This analysis is done according to the statement 21 of the Expenditure Vol.1 of Union government. Amount denied or amount short from the legitimate amount which could have been allocated according to the norm of SCP.

TSP Highlights

1. Decrease in National scheme for Incentive to Girl for Secondary Education from Rs.43.17 cr. to Rs.25 cr.

2. Decrease in Education Loan Interest Subsidy from Rs.48 cr. to Rs.8 cr.

3. Decrease in money for stopping Child Labour from Rs.30.59 cr. to Rs.15 cr.

4. Decrease in Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme from Rs.131.56 cr. to Rs.107 cr.

5. Decrease in Scheme of Pre Matric Scholarships, Book Bank and Upgradation of Merit of ST students from Rs.823.78 cr. to rs.750 cr. 

6. Increase of money in National Food Security Mission from Rs.126 cr. to Rs.170 cr. 

7. Increase in Revised National TB Control Programme from Rs.33 cr. to Rs.76.03 cr.

8. Increase in Infrastructure Maintenance (Department of Health & Family) from Rs.327cr. to Rs.527.64 cr. Compared to the Increase in Immunization from Rs.68.54 cr. to Rs.171.51 cr

9. Increase of Rs.497.93 cr for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan , there is allocation of Rs.2744.93 cr.

10. Increase in Mid day Meal Scheme from Rs.1110.66 cr. to Rs. 1277.26 cr.

11. Increase in Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abbhiyan from Rs.257.95 cr. to Rs.334.27 cr. 

12. Increase in UGC from Rs.393 cr. to Rs.504.58 cr

13. For New IITs there is increase of Rs.22.5 cr ,it is now Rs.60 cr.

14. Incresae in Health Insurance RW from Rs.26.99 cr. to Rs.88 cr

15. Increase of Rs. 125 cr. in Special Programme for Development of Road Connectivity in Naxalite Affected Areas, the allocation is Rs.500 cr.

16. Increase in Swarna Gram Rojgar Yojana(SGSY) from Rs. 611.94 cr to Rs.723.74 cr.

17. Increase in National Rural Drinking Water Programme from Rs.850 cr. to Rs.1050 cr.

18. Increase in Central Rural Sanitation Programme from Rs.150 to Rs.350 cr.

19. Increase in ICDS from Rs. 1037.30 cr. to Rs.1517 cr.

SCP Highlights

1. Decrease in Indian Leather Development Programme from Rs.30 cr. to rs.12 cr.

2. Decrease in Post Matric Scholarship Scheme from Rs.2441.7 cr. to rs.1500 cr. There is decrease of Rs.941.7 cr.

3. Decrease in Scheme for setting up of 6000 Model Schools at Block level as Benchmark of Excellence from Rs.240 cr. to Rs.216 cr.

4. Decrease in Information and Communication Technology in Schools from Rs. 100 cr. to Rs.70 cr.

5. Decrease in Education Loan Interest Subsidy from Rs.96 cr. to Rs.40 cr.

6. Decrease in Scheme of Pre Matric Scholarships for Children Engaged in Unclean

Occupation from Rs.70 cr. to Rs.10 cr.

7. Decrease in money for stopping Child Labour from Rs.60.4 cr. to Rs.20 cr.

8. Decrease in Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme from Rs.182.6 cr. to Rs.156.4 cr

9. Decrease in Technology Up gradation Fund Scheme of Ministry of Textiles from Rs.167.6 cr. to Rs.117.5 cr.

10. Increase of money in National Food Security Mission from Rs.260 cr. to Rs. 320 cr.

11. Increase in National Horticulture Mission from Rs.260 cr to Rs.350 cr.

12. Increase in Livestock Health & Disease Control from Rs.31.3 cr. to Rs.66.2 cr.

13. Increase in Revised National TB Control Programme from Rs.61 cr. to Rs.140.95 cr.

14. Increase in Infrastructure Maintenance (Department of Health & Family) from Rs.701.75 cr. to Rs.978.11 cr. Eventhough Infrastructure development programme should not be counted as SCP.

15. Increase in Immunization from Rs.135.08 cr. to Rs.317.93cr

16. Allocation for upgradation of state government Medical colleges and Nursing Services of Rs.53.2 cr and Rs. 45.6 cr respectively.

17. Increase of Rs.911 cr for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, there is allocation of from Rs.4,200 Cr to Rs.5111 cr.

18. Increase in Mid day Meal Scheme from Rs.2076 cr. to Rs.2387.4 cr.

19. Increase in Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abbhiyan from Rs.484.7 cr. to Rs.624.8 cr.

20. Increase in Construction and Running of Hostels for SCs Girls for Secondary and Higher Secondary School Rs. 50 cr. to Rs.89.44 cr.

21. Increase in UGC from Rs.799.6 cr. to Rs.1042.4 cr

22. Increase in Health Insurance RW from Rs.52.5 cr. to Rs.242 cr

23. Increase in Swarna Gram Rojgar Yojana(SGSY) from Rs. 845 cr to Rs.1033.7 cr.

24. Increase in Indira Awas Yojana from Rs.3530 cr. to Rs.3908.3 cr.

25. Increase in Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) from Rs.255 cr. to rs.494 cr.

26. Increase in National Rural Drinking Water Programme from Rs.1870 cr. to Rs.2310 cr.

27. Increase in Central Rural Sanitation Programme from Rs.330 to Rs.770 cr.

28. Increase in Pre matric Scholarship for SCs from rs.200cr. to Rs.824 cr.

29. Increase in Revival, Reform & Restructuring Scheme from Rs.10 cr. to Rs. 122.5 cr.

30. Increase in ICDS from Rs.2300 to Rs.3470 cr.

* Researched by the NCDHR-­‐Dalit Arthik Adhikar Andolan team – Ashutosh Vishal, Mohit Jain, Paul Divakar, Ragini Sharma, Sanjay Bharti & Umesh Babu.


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