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Back from the west--and unable to find lodging in Baroda

Waiting for a Visa : by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

In 1916 I returned to India. I had been sent to America by His Highness the Maharaja of Baroda for higher education. I studied at Columbia University in New York from 1913 to 1917. In 1917 I came to London and joined the post-graduate department of the School of Economics of the University of London.

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A childhood journey to Koregaon becomes a nightmare

Waiting for a Visa : by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Foreigners of course know of the existence of untouchability. But not being next door to it, so to say, they are unable to realise how oppressive it is in its actuality. It is difficult for them to understand how it is possible for a few untouchables to live on the edge of a village consisting of a large number of Hindus; go through the village daily to free it from the most disagreeable of its filth and to carry the errands of all and sundry; collect food at the doors of the Hindus; buy spices and oil at the shops of the Hindu Bania from a distance; regard the village in every way as their home--and yet never touch or be touched by any one belonging to the village.

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From Millions to Fractions

[This is one of the essays written by Dr. Ambedkar, in his book "Essays on untouchables and untouchability".
 
The importance of this article is the freshness, which it brings to our mind. Even though the article was written about 70-80 years back, It shows how hindus have tried every trick, in thier power, to stop the seperate census for untouchables/depressed classes and how they were using nonsensical arguments in their support. Some of them went to the extent of saying that there were no untouchables in their states.
 
This is very relevant in current scenario, when heated debate is going on  whether the OBC need to be counted or not?  Can we learn from the past?]
 
 From millions to Fractions

What is the total population of the Untouchables of India? This is bound to be the first question that a person who cares to know anything about them is sure to ask. It is now easy to answer this question. For the Census of India taken in 1931 gives it as 50 millions. While it is possible now to give more or less exact figures of the Untouchable population in India it was not possible to do so for a long time.

This was due to various causes. Firstly untouchability is not a legal term. There is no exact legal definition of untouchability whereby it could be possible to define who is an Untouchable and who is not. Untouchability is a social concept which has become embodied in a custom and as custom varies so does untouchability. Consequently there is always some difficulty in the way of ascertaining the population of the Untouchables with mathematical exactitude.

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Gandhism - the doom for untouchables

This is taken from the last chapter, chapter XI "Gandhism-the doom for untouchables" of the Book  "What congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables" by Dr. Ambedkar.

If there is an 'ism' which has made full use of religion as an opium to lull the people into false beliefs and false security, it is Gandhism. Following Shakespeare one can well say: Plausibility I Ingenuity ! Thy name is Gandhism.

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22 Vows of Dr. Ambedkar

 

Dr.B.R.Ambedkar prescribed 22 vows to his followers during the historic religious conversion to Buddhism on 15 October 1956 at Deeksha Bhoomi, Nagpur in India. The conversion to Buddhism by 800,000 people was historic because it was the largest religious conversion, the world has ever witnessed.

 He prescribed these oaths so that there may be complete severance of bond with Hinduism. These 22 vows struck a blow at the roots of Hindu beliefs and practices. These vows could serve as a bulwark to protect Buddhism from confusion and contradictions. These vows could liberate converts from superstitions, wasteful and meaningless rituals, which have led to pauperisation of masses and enrichment of upper castes of Hindus.

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Dr.Ambedkar and Women

ambdBaba Saheb Ambedkar was the great liberator of Indian womanhood. He designed the Hindu Code Bill to liberate Hindu womanhood aambedkar, womnd resigned from the Cabinet as the first Law Minister of independent India for the cause of women. That was his unique sacrifice for  the women.

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Ambedkar - Leader of Untouchables

Ambedkar represented the Harijans in the negotiations with Gandhi at the independence of India. This is the story of his life.raditional Indian society was built on the caste system, which classified people into various classes ranked in terms of status. Caste membership determined not just status but life opportunities such as which kinds of employment were possible, which educational and social institutions were available and where future potential spouses could be found.

 

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