MODI-fest or MODI-jest: Making of Deaf India


Mangesh Dahiwale

mangesh dahiwaleAs predicted, the RSS/BJP Government is going for a massive public campaign to display the achievements of the Government after three years. The campaign will be run from a control room in New Delhi and the programs called "MODIfest" are arranged all over India. MODI stands for "Making Of Developed India". Modi is also the surname of the Prime Minister. We do not know what are the achievements of the Government in the last 3 years, but we know that it is a campaign for the elections. They are planning ahead. If the RSS/BJP is not careful, the bubble of Modi might just burst, like the previous NDA government that went with a campaign on "India Shining". Modi must deliver before he goes for a festival, else it will be an exercise in jest. To the credit of Government, it has been innovative in making up acronyms. For example, like UDAN (Udega Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) etc. But it faces a dearth of heroes to name the schemes after and therefore all the schemes are named after "Deen Dayal Upadhyay": an obscure brahmin figure who went to found the BJP. If the schemes do not find suitable prefixes they are prefixed with "Pradhanmantri XXXXX Scheme". Adityanath is following the trends with "Mukhyamantri XXXXX Schemes".


भारतीय सिनेमा का सुपरस्टार - जातिवाद और सामंतवाद का सहज उत्पाद


संजय जोठे (Sanjay Jothe)

विश्व सिनेमा में धाक जमाने वाले फ्रेंच निर्देशक गोडार्ड ने जोर देकर कहा था कि हमें सिनेमा में सबकुछ शामिल कर देना चाहिए. यह कहते हुए उनका आग्रह था कि समाज में और जिन्दगी में जो भी जैसा भी है उसे वैसे ही रखना चाहिए. तत्कालीन फ्रेंच और हालीवूड सिनेमा के लिए भी यह एक रेडिकल विचार था. गोडार्ड हालाँकि सीधे सीधे भारत के सुभाष घई, सूरज बडजात्या और चोपड़ाओं के साथ नहीं रखे जा सकते लेकिन कल्पना में ही सही इन्हें एकसाथ रखकर बहस तो की ही जा सकती है. शायद गोडार्ड के साथ हम सत्यजीत रे या श्याम बेनेगल की कल्पना आसानी से कर सकते हैं. लेकिन भारतीय सिनेमा में जिस तरह से एक गैर जिम्मेदार और चलताऊ किस्म का सुपर स्टारडम फैला हुआ है उसका निदान करते हुए हमें सत्यजीत रे या श्याम बेनेगल को तस्वीर से हटाकर देखना होगा तभी हम समझ सकेंगे कि भारत में अभिनेता की बजाय स्टार क्यों पूजे जाते हैं.

royal family

भारतीय समाज और सिनेमा की समस्या को जानने के लिए गोडार्ड को इस तरह देखना जरुरी है, मनुष्य और समाज की समस्याओं को उघाड़ने के लिए, उनके शरीर और मनोविज्ञान की सुरंगों फैले हुए अनजानी नाड़ियों के एक दुर्निवार और भयानक रूप से उलझे हुए ताने बने को दोपहर की धूप में सबके सामने ला पटकने की ये हिम्मत और साफगोई उनमे कूट कूट कर भरी थी. इसीलिये उनके सिनेमा ने विज्ञापन, साहित्य, व्यापार, कला और फेशन सहित न जाने किन किन आयामों को गहराई से प्रभावित किया. द्वितीय विश्व युद्ध से उबर रहे एक समाज में सार्त्र और मार्क्स की क्रांतिकारी प्रस्तावनाओं के नजरिये से समाज और सिनेमा के संबंधों को बार बार परिभाषित करने की उनकी तडप ने उनसे जो इनोवेशन करवाए वे अद्भुत रहे हैं. साम्यवाद और अस्तित्ववाद के दर्शन की तरफ उनका झुकाव उन्हें एक नास्तिक और व्यावहारिक जमीन देता है जिस पर खड़े होकर वे भारतीयों की तरह किसी मिथकीय कल्पना लोक को नहीं बुनते बल्कि गरीबी, दमन, शोषण और नए समाज के निर्माण की सच्चाइयों से न्याय करने वाले सिनेमा की नींव रखते हैं. इसीलिये उनका सिनेमा लोगों की जिन्दगी को इतना प्रभावित करता है.


Dalit Bahujan Missionary Efforts in North Karnataka


Rohan Arthur

And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. - Matthew 19:24

Religion is for man and not man for religion – Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar

They say that an individual's identity is like an onion. That there are many layers, and each layer represents a discrete part of the whole. Firstly, is the individual an acceptable level of social granularity? Secondly, how well does the 'onion' metaphor apply in the context of India's caste society?

Growing up in a Methodist (Christian, Protestant mission started by American missionaries) family in semi-urban North Karnataka in the 90s is, for me, an interesting case study of myself. The journey from a semi-urban environment to the urban sprawl of Bangalore, provides some vital clues to how caste and class operate in society. The church would naturally be the first place to look, but careful historical erasure by the church bangs the door shut on any historical context that can help me to answer the questions above. It is only with some scratched shavings collected from history that I have been able to find a context to my own onion. Whether the onion really exists, or not, is not of our concern right now. For many of my Dalit brothers and sisters, this documentation is not available. I have been fortunate indeed to have access to information about these histories, albeit through the racializing gaze of the colonizer.

rohan vikarabad conf


Guru's 'Ethics in Ambedkar's Critique of Gandhi': An exercise in rhetoric


Mangesh Dahiwale

mangesh dahiwaleGopal Guru is an erudite scholar and a political scientist of high reputation. His command over political theories is a sign of his scholarship. However the above-mentioned essay lacks erudition and academic neutrality. His language is full of clichés and oftentimes meanders to become illegible and confusing. The essay in question is one such piece of his writings that has no set goal in sight. His intention is difficult to judge, but one of his sentences may give us a hint of his intention: "All three (Gandhi-Ambedkar-Guru) of our futures are linked up with the transformation of social relations in India". He wants to become part of history. By saying this, he (perhaps) intends to say that his essay is an exercise in social transformation.

 Guru undertakes to transform the attitude of the followers of Babasaheb Ambedkar towards Gandhi. He criticizes the followers of Babasaheb Ambedkar for inflicting cognitive injustice on Gandhi. He slams the followers of Babasaheb Ambedkar for reducing his thoughts to mere formalism. He castigates them for their "selective reading" of Gandhi. He finds faults with Babasaheb Ambedkar's biographer for misinformation. During this overall cognitive castigation (or should we say violence) on Ambedkarites, he absolves himself by placing himself on the same pedestal as Gandhi and Ambedkar, as his quest for cognitive generosity. He plays a blame game, but argues that his essay is an exercise in reconciliation.


Bahubali: Celebrating the grandchildren of Nehru and Savarkar



~ Social and individual efficiency requires us to develop the capacity of an individual to the point of competency to choose and to make his own career. This principle is violated in the Caste System, in so far as it involves an attempt to appoint tasks to individuals in advance—selected not on the basis of trained original capacities, but on that of the social status of the parents. ~ Babasaheb Ambedkar, Annihilation of Caste

bahubali poster

 I didn't catch the beginning of the conclusion (Bahubali 2), and dozed through most of the climax. The best of business presentations can't hold your attention for three hours, can they?

There are many Bahujans who have already pointed out how the film is casteist in nature, propagating values of varna hierarchy. But that's only half the story: all films made in India promote caste, the ideology of the ruling classes. This is inevitable because of the way they are made, and the interests they serve. How Bahubali was made tells us more about Indian society than what Bahubali says.


The Rise of the Bheem Army


Vinay Shende

Exclusive details on the recent caste incidents in Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh, and the role of the Bheem Army. This report is based on a member speaking to Round Table India on the condition of anonymity.

the great chamar

History of Bheem Army

It started in a small village called Gagalhedi (name changed) in the district of Saharanpur. People from Shiv Sena and Bajrang Dal would indulge in acts of violence, oppression on the Dalits- primarily Chamars there.

There is a junior college in the area, dominated by the Rajputs. The Bheem army chief, Chandrashekhar went to study there. There used to be separate seating places, separate place to drink water for the Dalits. That use to lead to skirmishes many times, as Chadrashekhar would not back off.


Why I Celebrate Bhim Jayanti


Vikas Bagde

vikas bagdeEvery year, on the occasion of Dr. Ambedkar’s birth anniversary, Buddha Pournima, Dashehara and death anniversary of Dr. Ambedkar (and the anniversaries of many more Dalit heroes i.e., festivals of Dalits), my inbox is flooded with a variety of messages. Some of them are informative and the rest are grievances about celebration, intention and motive, and the way of celebration.


The informative ones are very useful for knowing facts that are not prevalent. Social media is playing a pivotal role in promulgating information about the ideology of philanthropist leaders and heroes. However, the same tool is used to infiltrate our spaces. It is their long proven and most used strategy: to tell the oppressed that whatever they are doing, they are doing it wrong; that this is one of the reasons they are discriminated against. To make the oppressed live in guilt so that his energy will be wasted in coming out of his guilt, he does not get time to think what the oppressor is doing, and he is therefore unable to anticipate the next move of the oppressor.  Some of the messages in circulation are grievances about the way of celebration, sometimes it feels logical for a short period of time but it cannot sustain when rationalized with context, after considering the history and politics, and current dynamics of the time. For that they will try to give illogical logic for a logic.



बुद्ध पूर्णिमा पर बुद्ध के दुश्मनों को पहचानिए


संजय जोठे (Sanjay Jothe)

बुद्ध पूर्णिमा के अवसर पर बुद्ध के सबसे पुराने और सबसे शातिर दुश्मनों को आप आसानी से पहचान सकते हैं. यह दिन बहुत ख़ास है इस दिन आँखें खोलकर चारों तरफ देखिये. बुद्ध की मूल शिक्षाओं को नष्ट करके उसमे आत्मा परमात्मा और पुनर्जन्म की बकवास भरने वाले बाबाओं को आप काम करता हुआ आसानी से देख सकेंगे. भारत में तो ऐसे त्यागियों, योगियों, रजिस्टर्ड भगवानों और स्वयं को बुद्ध का अवतार कहने वालों की कमी नहीं है. जैसे इन्होने बुद्ध को उनके जीते जी बर्बाद करना चाहा था वैसे ही ढंग से आज तक ये पाखंडी बाबा लोग बुद्ध के पीछे लगे हुए हैं.

buddha seated

 बुद्ध पूर्णिमा के दिन भारत के वेदांती बाबाओं सहित दलाई लामा जैसे स्वघोषित बुद्ध अवतारों को देखिये. ये विशुद्ध राजनेता हैं जो अपनी राजनीतिक रोटियाँ सेंकने के लिए बुद्ध की शिक्षाओं को उलटा सीधा तोड़ मरोड़कर उसमे आत्मा परमात्मा घुसेड देते हैं. भारत के एक फाइव स्टार रजिस्टर्ड भगवान् – भगवान् रजनीश ने तो दावा कर ही दिया था कि बुद्ध उनके शरीर में आकर रहे, इस दौरान उनके भक्तों ने प्रवचनों के दौरान उन्हें बुद्ध के नाम से ही संबोधित किया लेकिन ये "परीक्षण" काम नहीं किया और भगवान रजनीश ने खुद को बुद्ध से भी बड़ा बुद्ध घोषित करते हुए सब देख भालकर घोषणा की कि "बुद्ध मेरे शरीर में भी आकर एक ही करवट सोना चाहते हैं, आते ही अपना भिक्षा पात्र मांग रहे हैं, दिन में एक ही बार नहाने की जिद करते हैं" ओशो ने आगे कहा कि बुद्ध की इन सब बातों के कारण मेरे सर में दर्द हो गया और मैंने बुद्ध को कहा कि आप अब मेरे शरीर से निकल जाइए.


Romancing the Caste Violence


Dr. N. Sukumar

Mr. Venkaiah Naidu in the Indian Express dated 1st May 2017 (Romancing the Maoists) took umbrage at the human rights activists maintaining silence over the killing of security forces in Chhatisgarh. Violence in any form needs to be condemned. But why is the Honourable Minister so selective in condeming violence? It is equally important to comprehend the multiple forms of violence that assail our society in contemporary times.

development genocide

In the Prime Minister's Mann ki Baat broadcasts, there is a studied silence on the Dadri lynching, Una attack, Rohith's institutional murder and the list is long. Should I believe that for the Honourable Prime Minister, there exist two Indias, one is brahmanical and the other comprises the mlechhas? In the article, the minister refers to the Maoists misguiding the poor villagers. There is an element of mockery in the comment as if the villagers lack agency to decide their fate and are easily swayed by any ideology. The villages are not oases of peace and tranquility but also reflect the contradictions over caste, class and gender. One also needs to decode the nomenclature of a region/space being declared a disturbed area. When Dalits are boycotted in a village, does the state declare it as a distubed area? How does one read the 'velivada' which provided refuge to Rohith and his friends when they were kicked out by Appa Rao, who represents caste hegemony in Hyderabad University? It's not that Bastar, Kashmir or the North East are 'disturbed'. Rather it's the brahmanical mind which is unable to comprehend any discourse on rights. Unfortunately, it's not only the Maoist ideology that fosters violence, the Hindutva canonical texts ranging from the Manusmriti and Gita, to the ideologues- Savarkar, Golwalkar to name a few, believe in ethnic cleansing. Inspired by their ideology, Godse pulled the trigger on Mahatma Gandhi.


Demonetization and Adivasis


Rajunayak Vislavath

raju nayakLet me begin with a story about demonetisation that affected a tribal woman Sukli in a village called Bhatu Pally, a small adivasi hamlet in Warangal District, Telangana. It is situated nearly 100 kilometers away from the old district headquarters and nearly 25 kilometres away from the newly formed district called Jaya Shankar Zilla (Bhupal Pally). She is an agricultural labourer who goes to work early in the morning. Her work is mostly in the paddy fields and on the vegetable farm. Sometimes, she goes to the forest to collect Mova fruit, firewood, and betel leaves. She also takes care of her house and the education of her children. People in the house depend on her. Unfortunately, on November 27th, 2016, when she was in the field, she was bitten, she could not make out whether it was a snake or an insect. She took it very casually and continued her work but after some time she started feeling drowsy.

Then she realised that it was not an insect but a snake. She tried to find out what it could be and went near that place with a stick in her hand. When she removed the grass, she found a different type of snake hiding under the grass. She got scared and was unable to talk. There was nobody with her. She thought something was going to happen to her. She started walking towards her home. With great difficulty, she reached home. She was not able to talk properly. She waved her hands and tried to call her husband who was tilling the land near her house. With great difficulty, she explained to him what had happened to her. He looked at her and saw that her body was swelling. He got scared and tried to apply turmeric on the snakebite marks. Then he ran to inform the elders of the community. Some elders came running to her and told her husband that a snake had bitten her. Experienced in forest life, the adivasi villagers easily found the name of the snake. They said it was a Mannuthenmanjariguna snake. They tried to apply some forest medicine to no avail. She felt terrible and her body swelled more and more. Using forest medicine, by this time, it should have been cured. Instead, her condition worsened. Somebody suggested that she should be taken to the hospital.


मैं परस्पर सम्मान या जन सम्मान की राजनीति के पक्ष में हूँ: अशोक भारती


संजय जोठे (Sanjay Jothe)

अशोक भारती, संक्षिप्त परिचय: अशोक भारती नेशनल कन्फेडरेशन ऑफ़ दलित एंड आदिवासी राइट्स (NACDOR) के संस्थापक हैं और इस संस्था के माध्यम से भारत के 23 राज्यों में दलित आदिवासी अधिकार की लड़ाई लड़ते रहे हैं. श्री भारती अशोका फेलो भी हैं. एक आइईएस अधिकारी रह चुके श्री भारती ने लंबे समय तक जमीनी काम करते हुए स्वयं सेवी संस्थाओं का एक देशव्यापी गठजोड़ निर्मित किया है. देश भर में दलित आदिवासी आंदोलनों से ये जुड़े रहे हैं और दलित आदिवासी अधिकार और विकास के मुद्दों पर राईट बेस्ड अप्रोच के साथ काम करते आये हैं. श्री भारती वर्तमान में दलित बहुजन राजनीति के लिए एक नया विकल्प बनाने की दिशा में काम कर रहे हैं और हाल ही में इन्होने जन सम्मान पार्टी की स्थापना की है. अभी उत्तरप्रदेश के चुनाव परिणामों के आईने में दलित राजनीति के भविष्य के प्रश्न पर संजय जोठे ने श्री भारती से चर्चा की. इस चर्चा के मुख्य बिंदु यहाँ प्रस्तुत हैं.


 संजय जोठे: जय भीम सर, इधर उत्तर प्रदेश में दलित राजनीति की हार पर आपने अभी तक विस्तार से बात नहीं रखी, आपकी नजर में इस हार का क्या कारण है?

अशोक भारती: देखिये राजनीतिक हार या जीत के गहरे मायने होते हैं और कम से कम आज की दलित राजनीति की हार और उत्तर प्रदेश में बसपा के सफाए के बहुत गहरे मायने हैं. ये केवल एक चुनावी हार नहीं है बल्कि ये एक विचारधारा की और एक रणनीति की हार है. बाबा साहेब अंबेडकर के नाम पर खुद अम्बेडकरी मूल्यों के खिलाफ एक तरह की राजनीति बनाई गयी है, वो कुछ समय के लिए तो चल गयी लेकिन उसका फेल होना तय था. वही हुआ है.


Other Related Articles

The revolution is a tea party for the Indian left
Friday, 05 May 2017
  Kuffir Sitaram Yechury's concerns have been consistently strange: do the communists in India really stand for the working classes? Who do they stand for, which class do they represent exactly?... Read More...
वे अपनी आंखों में समानता स्वतंत्रता का नीला सपना लिए चले थे
Friday, 05 May 2017
  अनिता भारती (Anita Bharti) ओम प्रकाश वाल्मीकि जी को याद करते हुए हमने अपनी समूची... Read More...
'अनारकली ऑफ आरा': हाशिये के समाज की हौसले से लबरेज बगावत...!
Tuesday, 02 May 2017
  अरविंद शेष (Arvind Shesh) दुख से पैदा हुआ जीवट जब दुख को पैदा करने वालों के सामने... Read More...
The Homicidal Republic - India i.e. भारत
Thursday, 27 April 2017
  Anshul Kumar  Victor Hugo once said, "There is in every village, a torch-the teacher, an extinguisher-the priest." Village becomes homicidal if teachers are priests in disguise and vice... Read More...
Hindu nationalism and Muslim nationalism co-produce each other: Khalid Anis Ansari
Monday, 24 April 2017
  Round Table India In this episode of the Ambedkar Age series, Round Table India talks to Prof. Khalid Anis Ansari, Director, Dr. Ambedkar Centre for Exclusion Studies & Transformative... Read More...

Recent Popular Articles

Wherever Caste exists in the World, Ambedkar and Marx will remain Irreconcilable
Wednesday, 30 November 2016
  Dr Manisha Bangar NVP BAMCEF In India, and wherever in the world Caste exists, Ambedkar and Marx will remain Irreconcilable. Starting from the happenings in Hyderabad Central University in... Read More...
The cashlessness of the Bahujan
Thursday, 15 December 2016
  Kuffir How are you going to break up Caste, if people are not free to consider whether it accords with morality? ~ Babasaheb Ambedkar The saddest joke is Modi's promotion of a cash-less... Read More...
From Breast Tax to Brahminical Stripping in Comics: Orijit Sen and Brahmin Sadomasochism
Thursday, 02 March 2017
  Pinak Banik "Only dead dalits make excellent dalits.Only dead dalits become excellent sites where revolutionary fantasies blossom!" ~ Anoop Kumar The context for this article centers around... Read More...
Interview with Prof Vivek Kumar on the Bahujan Movement
Monday, 13 March 2017
  Round Table India In this episode of the Ambedkar Age series, Round Table India talks to Prof Vivek Kumar, Professor, Centre for the Study of Social Systems, School of Social Sciences,... Read More...
Brahmin Feminism sans Brahmin Patriarch
Monday, 06 February 2017
  Kanika S It has almost become common sense that feminism has been shaped exclusively by a class of women that came from Brahmin-Savarna castes in India, to the extent that even trashy... Read More...

Recent Articles in Hindi

पेरियार से हम क्या सीखें?

पेरियार से हम क्या सीखें?

  संजय जोठे  इस देश में भेदभाव और शोषण से भरी परम्पराओं का विरोध करने वाले अनेक विचारक और क्रांतिकारी हुए हैं जिनके बारे में हमें बार-बार पढ़ना और समझना चाहिए. दुर्भाग्य से इस देश के शोषक वर्गों के षड्यंत्र के कारण इन क्रांतिकारियों का जीवन परिचय और समग्र कर्तृत्व छुपाकर रखा जाता है. हमारी अनेकों पीढियां इसी षड्यंत्र में जीती आयीं हैं. किसी देश के उद्भट विचारकों और क्रान्तिकारियों को इस...

Read more

कृष्ण: भारतीय मर्द का एक आम चेहरा...!

कृष्ण: भारतीय मर्द का एक आम चेहरा...!

(कृष्ण की लोक लुभावन छवि का पुनर्पाठ!)मानुषी आखिर ये मिथकीय कहानियां किस तरह की परवरिश और शिक्षा देती हैं, जहां पुरुषों को सारे अधिकार हैं, चाहे वह स्त्री को अपमानित करे या दंडित, उसे स्त्री पलट कर कुछ नहीं कहती। फिर आज हम रोना रोते हैं कि हमारे बच्चे इतने हिंसक और कुंठित क्यों हो रहे हैं। सारा दोष हम इंटरनेट और टेलीविजन को देकर मुक्त होना चाहते हैं। जबकि स्त्री...

Read more

राष्ट्रवाद और देशभक्ति

राष्ट्रवाद और देशभक्ति

संजय जोठे धर्म जो काम शास्त्र लिखकर करता है वही काम राष्ट्र अब फ़िल्में और विडिओ गेम्स बनाकर बनाकर करते हैं. इसी के साथ सुविधाभोगी पीढ़ी को मौत से बचाने के लिए टेक्नालाजी पर भयानक खर्च भी करना पड़ता है ताकि दूर बैठकर ही देशों का सफाया किया जा सके, और यही असल में उस तथाकथित “स्पेस रिसर्च” और “अक्षय ऊर्जा की खोज” की मूल प्रेरणा है, यूं तो सबको...

Read more