Educate Agitate Organise

 Raj Kumar Oshoraj

Educate, Agitate, Organise are three final words of our savior Baba Saheb Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. Being a Buddhist Baba Saheb gave these slogans based on Buddhist Trisharans Buddham (Educate), Dhammam (Agitate), Sangham (Organise).

These commandments must be kept in this order. We are not trying to find faults in others who may have used different order by changing second commandment (Agitate) as third and changed this order to Educate, Organise and Agitate. It is highly recommended to all Ambedkarites across the world to use these final words in the same order as our savior gave us. They should not only be used in this order but also practiced in this order: Educate, Agitate, Organise.


Gautam Buddha - The Originator of Buddhism

The word 'Buddha' is a title and not a name in itself. It means 'one who is awake' (in the sense of having 'woken up to reality'). The title was given to Siddhartha Gautama, who was born in Lumbini (Nepal), approximately 2,500 years ago. He did not claim to be a God and he has never been regarded as such by Buddhists. He was a human being who became Enlightened, understanding life in the deepest way possible.


Castes in India

Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development
Anthropology Seminar of Dr. A. A. Goldenweizer at The Columbia University, New York, U.S.A. on 9th May 1916
Source: Indian Antiquary, May 1917, Vol. XLI


Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Many of us, I dare say, have witnessed local, national or international expositions of material objects that make up the sum total of human civilization. But few can entertain the idea of there being such a thing as an exposition of human institutions. Exhibition of human institutions is a strange idea; some might call it the wildest of ideas. But as students of Ethnology I hope you will not be hard on this innovation, for it is not so, and to you at least it should not be strange.

You all have visited, I believe, some historic place like the ruins of Pompeii, and listened with curiosity to the history of the remains as it flowed from the glib tongue of the guide. In my opinion a student of Ethnology, in one sense at least, is much like the guide. Like his prototype, he holds up (perhaps with more seriousness and desire of self-instruction) the social institutions to view, with all the objectiveness humanly possible, and inquires into their origin and function.

Most of our fellow students in this Seminar, which concerns itself with primitive versus modern society, have ably acquitted themselves along these lines by giving lucid expositions of the various institutions, modern or primitive, in which they are interested. It is my turn now, this evening, to entertain you, as best I can, with a paper on "Castes in India: Their mechanism, genesis and development"


Why Dr. Ambedkar renounced Hinduism?


Dr. Ramendra

(First published in January 2001)

Dr. Ambedkar's role as a prominent constitution maker of India is quite well known. However, his views on religion, particularly his reasons for renouncing Hinduism, the religion of his birth, are not as widely known. Ambedkar who was born in an "untouchable" family carried on a relentless battle against untouchability throughout his adult life. In the last part of his life, he renounced Hinduism and became a Buddhist. What were his reasons for doing so?

DrAmbedkar SiddharthaC36

A detailed answer to this question can be obtained by studying his The Buddha and His Dhamma, Annihilation of Caste, Philosophy of Hinduism, Riddles in Hinduism etc. Nonetheless, some of his articles, speeches and interviews before and after his conversion to Buddhism throw some light on this question.

 Ambedkar’s statement in 1935 at Yeola Conference is quite instructive in this regard. Ambedkar believed that the untouchables occupied a "weak and lowly status" only because they were a part of the Hindu society. When attempts to gain equal status and "ordinary rights as human beings" within the Hindu society started failing, Ambedkar thought it was essential to embrace a religion which will give "equal status, equal rights and fair treatment" to untouchables. He clearly said to his supporters "select only that religion in which you will get equal status, equal opportunity and equal treatment…"


Mahatma Jotirao Govindrao Pule

Jotirao Phule was born in 1827. His father, Govindrao was a vegetable vendor at Poona. Originally Jotirao's family, known as Gorhays, came from Katugan, a village in the Satara district of Maharashtra. His grandfather Shetiba Gorhay settled down in Poona. Since Jotirao's father and two uncles served as florists under the last of the Peshwas, they came to be known as 'Phules'. Jotirao's mother passed away when he was hardly one year old. After completing his primary education, Jotirao had to leave the school and help his father by working on the family's farm. Jotirao's marriage was celebrated when he was not even thirteen.



About Baba Saheb

Pardeep Attri

Ambedkar was born in a caste which was considered as the lowest of the low. People said that it was a sin it they offered him water to drink, and that if he sat in a cart it would become unclean. But this very man framed the Constitution for the country. His entire life was one of struggles. And his personal life was too miserable; he had lost his first wife and sons. But even though he did not lose his dareness for the social welfare of people of India. The boy who suffered bitter humiliation became the first Minister for Law in free India, and shaped the country’s Constitution.


Dr. B. R. Ambedkar - His Relevance Today

Khushi Ram

The attitude of the so-called followers of Dr. Ambedkar recalls the rebuke Christ administered to his followers: “You call me ‘Lord’ ‘Lord’ but never carryout what I say.” To have easy and cheap leadership they claim to be Ambedkarites but do not observe any item of the work-a-day philosophy of that great leader.

Why do we celebrate Dr. Ambedkar’s birthday or his conversion to Buddhism? Most of us believe that it is a matter of earning merit points (virtue) just like the followers of other religions do when they celebrate the anniversaries of their gurus etc. This is a big mistake. The real purpose of celebrating any occasion connected with that great leader should be to emulate him, especially our confirmation of his philosophy of life. Mostly the speakers mention the following achievements of Dr. Ambedkar: (a) The Constitution of India, (b). His Political party viz the RPI, (c). Reservation in government services and legislatures, (d). His blameless life and high ideals of secularism, equality, liberty and social justice etc. 

With regard to the first it may be stated that Constitution has been amended more that hundred times and may even be replaced. Does it mean that the Dr. Ambedkar will lose his importance for us? The political party setup by him is in shambles. Reservations have benefited the Dalits a lot but will not be there for ever. Does it mean that the future generations who may have no benefits of reservations should be right in forgetting the great leader? Even to boast of the exemplary life and ideals of Dr. Ambedkar is like children bragging about the achievements of their parents without having any personal merit of their own.