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Biography of Mahatma Phule

Dr. Y.D. Phadke.


Jyotiba PhuleThis brief Life Sketch of Mahatma Jotirao Phule is written by the noted the scholar Dr.Y.D. Phadke. He is the editor of the 'Collected Words of Mahatma Phule' in Marathi. He is also an eminent scholar of Mahatma Phule and the Satyashodhak Movement.

JOTIRAO GOVINDRAO PHULE occupies a unique position among the social reformers of Maharashtra in the nineteenth century. While other reformers concentrated more on reforming the social institutions of family and marriage with special emphasis on the status and rights of women, Jotirao Phule revolted against the unjust caste system under which millions of people had suffered for centuries.

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A childhood journey to Koregaon becomes a nightmare

Waiting for a Visa : by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar

Foreigners of course know of the existence of untouchability. But not being next door to it, so to say, they are unable to realise how oppressive it is in its actuality. It is difficult for them to understand how it is possible for a few untouchables to live on the edge of a village consisting of a large number of Hindus; go through the village daily to free it from the most disagreeable of its filth and to carry the errands of all and sundry; collect food at the doors of the Hindus; buy spices and oil at the shops of the Hindu Bania from a distance; regard the village in every way as their home--and yet never touch or be touched by any one belonging to the village.

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A Tribute to Babu Jagjivan Ram

roundtableindia

 http://thm-a02.yimg.com/image/03d463317bae5ef2'Today is 24th death anniversary of Babu Jagjeevan Ram.

For many, both in the Dalit movement and outside it , Jagjeevan Ramji is a puzzle, a subject of intense debate/discussion.

There are people and political parties who will claim he is the tallest Dalit leader, of equal stature, if not bigger, as Dr. Ambedkar and there will be people/political parties, who may criticise him and question his contribution to the Dalit movement and Dalit empowerment and there will be people for whom he is at best a past, neither to be criticised, nor to be praised, a forgotten , towering personality, who had a lot of potential, achieved tremendous success, but failed to deliver to his people.

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Untouchable Ambedkar—the Saga of his Discrimination in America

BY A K VISWAS

The 119th birth anniversary of Dr Babasaheb Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar has been observed on April 14 this year. On this occasion we offer our sincere homage to that towering personality by publishing the following article and a piece that N.C. wrote on him in 1990 when the Bharat Ratna was posthumously conferred on Dr Ambedkar.

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KOYAS: SCHEDULED TRIBE

 ORISSA DIARY

mThe Koya are a tribe inhabiting the hills in the north of the Godaviri district and are also found in Malkangiri district. They are said to belong to the great Gond family. The Koyas have a tradition that about two hundred years ago they were driven from the plateau in the Baster countary by famine and disputes.The Koyas are a Scheduled Tribes. Koyas are found in Kalimela, Podia, Malkangiri and Korukonda area of Malkangiri District. Koyas are the largest in population. In 1971 Koyas population was 58,730. In 1991 census their population was 1,40,000. By this time it has increased a lot. At Mathili and Manyamkonda area ancient Koyas tribes are generally found. Their village consists of 30 to 40 families.

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From Millions to Fractions

[This is one of the essays written by Dr. Ambedkar, in his book "Essays on untouchables and untouchability".
 
The importance of this article is the freshness, which it brings to our mind. Even though the article was written about 70-80 years back, It shows how hindus have tried every trick, in thier power, to stop the seperate census for untouchables/depressed classes and how they were using nonsensical arguments in their support. Some of them went to the extent of saying that there were no untouchables in their states.
 
This is very relevant in current scenario, when heated debate is going on  whether the OBC need to be counted or not?  Can we learn from the past?]
 
 From millions to Fractions

What is the total population of the Untouchables of India? This is bound to be the first question that a person who cares to know anything about them is sure to ask. It is now easy to answer this question. For the Census of India taken in 1931 gives it as 50 millions. While it is possible now to give more or less exact figures of the Untouchable population in India it was not possible to do so for a long time.

This was due to various causes. Firstly untouchability is not a legal term. There is no exact legal definition of untouchability whereby it could be possible to define who is an Untouchable and who is not. Untouchability is a social concept which has become embodied in a custom and as custom varies so does untouchability. Consequently there is always some difficulty in the way of ascertaining the population of the Untouchables with mathematical exactitude.

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Ayyankali: A Pioneer. A Revolutionary. A Hero.

 

(First published in INSIGHT blog)

ayyan

He was born on 28 August 1863 in Travancore, Kerala. He was one of the seven children of Ayyan of Pulaya caste (agricultural labour). Ayyankali grew up to be a tall, well built and handsome young man. He was known for his physical prowess and proficiency in the martial arts.

One particular child hood incident made Ayyankali aware of the caste prejudices prevalent in Travancore society. While playing football with children of his age the ball kicked by Ayyankali fell on the roof of a Nair house. The Nair warned him not to play with diku young men. Deeply hurt, he took oath never to play with them.

Then he went into a period of deep thought. He came out of a month of contemplation, a la Buddha, with a secret agenda - civil liberties for the untouchables.

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