<SiteLock

Palasa 1978 – A saga of Courage and Revolt

 

JS Vinay

js vinayI got the chance to watch the Telugu movie 'Palasa 1978' on Amazon Prime a few days back. Though I am from Maharashtra, I like to see films on anti-caste assertion in different languages. Will try to get straight to some key points:

The movie is set in a small town called Palasa in Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh state. The film concentrates on the exploitative relationship between the Bahujans and the dominant upper castes. Will not go into the details of the plot. The story primarily revolves around the two brothers Mohan Rao and Ranga Rao, who are from the "Untouchable" community and the conflict between two mercantile upper caste landlords. The plot is gripping and the pace of the movie is very fast. It is mostly in the flashback mode.

Within the first few minutes of the movie, the caste locations of each of the characters becomes clear. In fact the Sahukars are seen with their sacred threads a few times when the camera is hovering over them. It reminds me of Dr Ambedkar's words in his iconic 'Castes in India': "Caste in the singular number is an unreality. Castes exist only in the plural number. There is no such thing as a caste: There are always castes. To illustrate my meaning: while making themselves into a caste, the Brahmins, by virtue of this, created non-Brahmin caste; or, to express it in my own way, while closing themselves in they closed others out." [1]

Though I don't understand Telugu, when I checked with my friends, they mentioned that the dialect used is of the North Andhra region, which normally is not used in Telugu movies as it is not considered a "pure" dialect. The songs are sung by local folk singers and even the instruments which are used are mostly used by the local Bahujans of the area.

There is a certain dignity being shown when they portray the women of the community. Be it when they shout at upper caste men who interfere while they are attending to nature's call or when they refuse to succumb to upper caste men with the motives of sleeping with them; or when the women encourage their men to live lives of dignity.

There are several times when the concept of 'Unity of the Oppressed' is shown. It tries to break stereotypes of Bahujans succumbing to lure of money or power. There is a lot of meat in most of the characters in the movie. Like the Rao brothers, the two Sahukars, the Dalit Christian character Inspector Sebastian who is more like the pivot of the movie, the wives of the Rao brothers, and Bhairagi etc.

The Bahujans are also shown as being ambitious in their own ways, always wanting a better life for themselves and their families. The Bahujans are also shown as being in the forefront realising, working towards and accepting change. For example, Mohan Rao leaving his religious thread behind after coming to know of Dr.Ambedkar. Another example is the willingness of the older brother to learn western dance to adapt to different times for their livelihoods. An important point is that never does one feel that the use of force as assertion by Rao brothers is unwanted. Many a times, they do it for self-defense or to teach the oppressors a lesson which is justified.

The kind of caste oppression shown is also very different. There is the direct, usual untouchability type shown a few times as well as the part when election tickets are being distributed, the Raos are not given their fair share even though they are the most capable ones.

Following the principles of Dr. B.R.Ambedkar, the director of the movie, Mr. Karuna Kumar, suggests political power as well as having spaces in areas of art, music, education as important to solve the problems of the Bahujans. He also speaks about the institutional murders in university spaces, Chunduru and Laximpeta atrocities on Dalits. He focuses on a larger Bahujan unity to not fall for the deceptive nature of the upper castes.

Special mention should be made about the director Karuna Kumar for coming up with this concept. To sum it up, the film is a thriller set against the backdrop of anti-caste assertion. It is good that directors from Bahujan backgrounds are now starting to make movies with with their own perspectives. Such movies must definitely be watched and supported.

~

References

1. Castes in India: http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00ambedkar/txt_ambedkar_castes.html#:~:text=Castes%20exist%20only%20in%20the,in%20they%20closed%20others%20out.

~~~

 

JS Vinay works in the Corporate Sector and is interested in the Anti-Caste movement.

Other Related Articles

The Reddy-BC combination and the prospects of Hindutva forces in Telangana: The Eatala Phenomenon
Saturday, 19 June 2021
  Prof K. Laxminarayana The official channel of Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) on 30th April aired the news of alleged encroachment upon assigned lands by Eatala Rajender's family for their... Read More...
Life of Bahujans in Brahminical Schools
Friday, 18 June 2021
  Pranav Jeevan P Schools are one of the primary places where the functioning of caste is passed on to the next generation. Savarna kids are indoctrinated of their superiority and Bahujan kids... Read More...
Documenting Bahujan Musical Instruments
Wednesday, 16 June 2021
Dr. Chandraiah Gopani The book under review entitled ‘Mula Dhwani’ (Aboriginal Sound) is edited by Jayadhir Thirumal Rao and Guduru Manoja. This book was released in 2019, both in Telugu and... Read More...
Are IITs safe for Dalit Students?
Tuesday, 15 June 2021
The Ambedkar Periyar Phule Study Circle (APPSC), IIT Bombay Aniket Ambhore, a student of electrical engineering, had fallen to his death from the sixth floor of hostel 13 on September 4, 2014. An SC... Read More...
Ayurveda: claims, facts, and reality
Tuesday, 15 June 2021
  Preshit Ambade India is watching the tussle between the Indian Medical Association (IMA) and Mr. Ramdev of Patanjali. Tall stories are being told about Ayurveda's ability to cure diseases. I... Read More...

Recent Popular Articles

Election of Kamala Harris: Is America half a century behind South Asia?
Monday, 25 January 2021
  Prof Vivek Kumar On January 20, 2021, Kamala Harris created a history of sorts by taking oath as America's first female Vice President. She is the first woman of South Asian and Afro-American... Read More...
Phule, Paine and the Idea of Religion
Wednesday, 27 January 2021
Dr. SPVA Sairam Religion has played a significant role throughout the human history and its legacy is mixed. As a means of social control, it not only divided people and subjected them to the... Read More...
Casteism in City Colleges and Classrooms
Saturday, 29 May 2021
Aarushi Punia It is a common myth perpetrated by upper caste faculty, students, politicians, and media that caste superiority and casteism is exercised amongst uneducated people in the villages, and... Read More...
Upper Caste Anxiety Over Reservations
Wednesday, 10 February 2021
  Kranthi Kumar Mungamuri Very recently, Telangana MLA Dharma Reddy (TRS), made a casteist statement over reservations by saying that "state is being ruined or destroyed due to lack of merit in... Read More...
Tandav, A Plot to Suppress the Ideological Space of Phule Ambedkarites
Wednesday, 10 February 2021
  Ajay Choudhary Indian society, which is plagued by caste discrimination, is often triggered by emotional and sentimental issues. The prevailing unscientific and irrational formal education... Read More...