<SiteLock

Tackling Malnutrition in Rural and Urban Areas

As per NFHS-3, undernutrition is 42.5 % in children below five years. It is 47.9% in Scheduled castes, 54.5% in scheduled tribes and 42.3% in other backward classes. In rural areas it is 45.6 % as compared to 32.7 % in urban areas. 35.6 % of women suffer from Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED). The prevalence of CED in rural areas is 40.6% compared to 25 % in urban areas. It is 41.1% in Scheduled castes, 46.6% in scheduled tribes and 35.7 % in other backward classes.

The problem of malnutrition is multi-dimensional and inter-generational in nature, the determinants of which include household food insecurity, illiteracy and lack of awareness especially in women, access to health services, availability of safe drinking water, sanitation and proper environmental conditions and adequate purchasing power etc. The nutritional status of the population is the outcome of complex and inter-related set of factors and cannot be improved by the efforts of single sector or action alone.

The Government accords high priority to the overall issue of malnutrition, particularly, in respect of children, adolescent girls and women and has been implementing several schemes/ programmes of different Ministries/Departments through State Governments/UTs. These schemes, interalia, include Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), Mid Day Meals Scheme, Drinking Water & Total Sanitation Campaign, Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), Mahatama Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS), Targeted Public Distribution System etc. Several of the schemes namely, ICDS, NRHM, Mid Day meal (MDM), SGSY have been expanded to provide for increased coverage and improved services to the people.

To reach out the six services including supplementary nutrition to children below six years, pregnant and lactating mothers the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme has been universalised with special focus on SC/ST and minority habitation. There has been revision in cost norms as well as the Nutritional and Feeding norms of the Supplementary Nutrition component of ICDS.

Government has approved a total of 14 lakh Aganwadi Centres (AWCs)/ mini-AWCs, including 20,000 AWCs- on demand to cover all the habitations in the country. 13.67 lakh AWCs/ mini-AWCs, including 12.4 lakh AWCs/mini-AWCs in rural/tribal areas, have been sanctioned in the country. Out of 13.67 lakhs AWCs 11.95 lakh are operational so far. It is expected that the expansion and universalisation of ICDS and expansion of other programmes will positively impact the nutritional status in the areas which have not been covered so far.

Based on the recommendations of a Task Force of the Ministry of Women & Child Development with representation of various Ministries, including the Planning Commission, the nutritional and feeding norms under ICDS Scheme were revised and detailed vide letter No. 5-9/2005/ND/Tech (Vol.II) dated 24.2.2009. The revised norms, inter-alia, laid down: Early initiation and exclusive breast-feeding for children in the age group of 0-6 months; Take Home Ration (THR) in the form of Micronutrient Fortified Food and/or Energy-dense food that is more palatable to the child for children of 6 months to 3 years, in addition to the mixed practice of giving dry or raw ration; Morning snacks and Hot cooked meal to children of 3 to 6 years in Anganwadi Centres.

Hon’ble Supreme Court of India in its Order dated 22.4.2009, in Writ Petition (C) No. 196/2001 in the matter of Peoples’ Union of Civil Liberties (PUCL) Vs. UOI & Ors., inter-alia, directed that norms indicated in GOI letter have to be implemented forthwith and also directed all the States/UTs to provide supplementary nutrition in the form of a morning snack and hot cooked meal to the children in the age group of 3-6 years as contained in the letter dated 24.2.2009 preferably by 31st December, 2009. Accordingly, Government of India had also requested all the State Governments/UT Administrations to comply with the directions.

This information was given by Smt. Krishna Tirath, Minister of State for Women and Child Development in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha today.

COURTESY:PIB 

Other Related Articles

Dalit movement must provide our students a positive identity: Anoop Kumar
Saturday, 18 September 2021
  Anoop Kumar  (This is the transcript of his speech at an international conference on Babasaheb Ambedkar in Tokyo, Japan, in October 2018) Thank you very much. Jai Bhim and good morning to... Read More...
How the caste census became a national issue and thereby a Brahmin problem
Thursday, 16 September 2021
   Neha As the 16th census of India is about to be conducted, several marginalized organizations and leaders have intensified their demand for a caste census. This is happening in the... Read More...
My journey from a Brahmanic kid to a truth seeking adult
Wednesday, 15 September 2021
  Amol Shingade  As settled nomadic people, we have a house in the middle of the village. We are largely dependent on agricultural activities happening at the village level. However,... Read More...
Delhi university must reinstate the removed texts and Apologize-Dalit intellectual collective
Wednesday, 15 September 2021
  Dalit Intellectual Collective With the select removal of texts by three towering writers in Bengali and Tamil: Mahashweta Devi, Bama and Sukirtharani, from Delhi University... Read More...
The Savarna Bhaskar politics
Thursday, 09 September 2021
    Deepali Salve We recently saw Swara Bhaskar's public display of 'grihapravesh' rituals following the norms and traditions of Hinduism. They were presided upon by a Brahmin priest,... Read More...

Recent Popular Articles

Casteism in City Colleges and Classrooms
Saturday, 29 May 2021
Aarushi Punia It is a common myth perpetrated by upper caste faculty, students, politicians, and media that caste superiority and casteism is exercised amongst uneducated people in the villages, and... Read More...
Govt. of India should send One Lakh SC ST youths abroad for Higher Education
Monday, 21 June 2021
  Anshul Kumar Men sitting on the pinnacle of the palace "So, I went one day to Linlithgow and said, concerning the expense of education, "If you will not get angry, I want to ask a question. I... Read More...
The need for studies on Dalit musical traditions
Wednesday, 21 April 2021
  Dr. Chandraiah Gopani Dalits are creators of music. They not only produced many musical instruments and performed them but also generated rich knowledge on music. The studies of art and... Read More...
Understanding Cultural and Social Capital of Savarnas
Thursday, 29 April 2021
Pranav Jeevan P Why is the assertion of Bahujans branded as identity politics based on caste, but the savarna assertions are termed as “culture”, “tradition” and “merit”? The dominance of... Read More...
The promise of Mook Nayak
Wednesday, 14 April 2021
  Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar From the pages of Bahishkrit Bharat (Untouchable India) [The following is from an editorial (translated from Marathi) written by Babasaheb Ambedkar for one of the... Read More...